Plagiarism occurs if someone intentionally copies others work or someone copies content without providing the appropriate references.
PLAGIARISM BEFORE PUBLISHING:
NULBIH will judge any case of plagiarism on its limits. If plagiarism is detected by the editorial board member, reviewer, editor etc., in any stage of article process- before or after acceptance, during editing or at a page proof stage. We will alert the same to the author(s) and will ask them to rewrite the content or the to cite the references from where the content has been taken. If more than 25% of the paper is plagiarized - the article may be rejected and the same is notified to the author.
HOW IS PLAGIARISM HANDLED?
The manuscripts in which the plagiarism is detected are handled based on the extent of the plagiarism.
<5% Plagiarism: The manuscript will be given an ID and the manuscript is sent to author for content revision.
5-30% Plagiarism: The manuscript will not be given an ID and the manuscript is sent back to author for content revision.
>30% Plagiarism: The manuscript will be rejected without the review. The authors are advised to revise the manuscript and resubmit the manuscript.
WHY MANUSCRIPTS WITH >30% PLAGIARISM IS REJECTED:
If the plagiarism is detected more than 30%, it is found that the authors are very unlikely to revise the manuscript and submit the revised version. However, authors are welcome to do the required revisions and submit the manuscript as a new submission.
WHAT CAN YOU DO IF YOU COME ACROSS A CASE OF PLAGIARISM IN THE JOURNAL?
If you come across a case of plagiarism, please do inform the editorial office, giving the title of manuscripts, name of authors, volume number, issue number, year of publication and any other information that you have. The editorial office will handle the cases as per their policy.
WHAT IF PLAGIARISM DETECTED AFTER PUBLICATION
If plagiarism is detected after publication, the Journal will conduct an investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal editorial office will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. The paper containing the plagiarism will be marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.
By submitting Author(s) manuscript to the journal it is understood that it is an original manuscript and is unpublished work and is not under consideration elsewhere. Plagiarism, including duplicate publication of the author's own work, in whole or in part without proper citation is not tolerated by the journal. Manuscripts submitted to the journal may be checked for originality using anti-plagiarism software.
Plagiarism misrepresents ideas, words, and other creative expression as one's own. Plagiarism represents the violation of copyright law. Plagiarism appears in various forms.
Copying the exact content from the other source. Purposely using portions of another author's paper.
Copying elements of another author's paper, such as figures, tables, equations or illustrations that are not common knowledge, or copying or purposely using sentences without citing the source.
Using text downloaded from the internet
Copying or downloading figures, photographs, pictures or diagrams without acknowledging your sources.
ACKNOWLEDGING AUTHOR(S) SOURCES
Self-plagiarism is a related issue. In this document we define self-plagiarism as the verbatim or near-verbatim reuse of significant portions of one's own copyrighted work without citing the original source. Note that self-plagiarism does not apply to publications based on the author's own previously copyrighted work (e.g., appearing in a conference proceedings) where an explicit reference is made to the prior publication. Such reuse does not require quotation marks to delineate the reused text but does require that the source be cited.
ACCIDENTAL OR UNINTENTIONAL
One may not even know that they are plagiarizing. It is the author(s) whose responsibility is to make certain that they understand the difference between quoting and paraphrasing, as well as the proper way to cite material.
Here, author(s) are well aware that they are plagiarizing. Purposefully using someone else's ideas or work without proper acknowledgment is plagiarism. This includes turning in borrowed or bought research papers as one's own.
Turning in the same term paper (or substantially the same paper) for two courses without getting permission from one's instructor is plagiarism.